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Chemical, thermal and dilution effects of carbon dioxide in oxy-fuel combustion of wood in a fixed bed

Title:
Chemical, thermal and dilution effects of carbon dioxide in oxy-fuel combustion of wood in a fixed bed
Abstract:
Experimental and numerical modeling was performed on eucalyptus wood combustion under oxy-fuel conditions using a fixed bed reactor in order to isolate the role of various carbon dioxide effects on the burning rate. Wood combustion was investigated under four different mixtures of O2 and Ar/CO2/N2: 21 % O2/79 % N2; 21 % O2/22.5 % CO2/56.5 % Ar; 40 % O2/60 % CO2; and 40 % O2/47 % CO2/13 % Ar. The first three mixtures were designed to have the same peak temperatures in order to isolate chemical and dilution effects of CO2. This was achieved by substituting some percentage of CO2 with Ar in O2/CO2 mixture while maintaining a constant concentration of O2. The fourth mixture was meant to isolate the thermal effect of CO2. The results were obtained from both the experimental rig and numerical simulation for a fixed bed configuration. Wood combustion in the fixed bed was modeled using Lagrange-Euler method, where gas-phase was calculated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), that is Euler phase, while solid-phase was tracked in Lagrange phase using discrete element method (DEM). The results show that ignition time in CO2 environment decreases gradually as O2 concentration is increased. On the other hand, burning rate and flame front speed increase as O2 concentration is increased. It was established that dilution effect is the most influential parameter on the burning rate of wood combustion in an oxy-fuel system.
Year:
2019
Publication type:
Journal article
Journal:
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
ISSN:
1976-3824
Number:
12
Volume:
33
Pages:
6063-6073
Language:
English
Document status:
Published
PubListerURL:
https://publister.bib.th-wildau.de/publister/public/publication/2783
Tanui, J., Kioni, P., Mirre, T., & Nowitzki, M. (2019). Chemical, thermal and dilution effects of carbon dioxide in oxy-fuel combustion of wood in a fixed bed Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. 33 (12), 6063-6073.
@article{2783,
    author           = {Tanui, J.K. and Kioni, P.N. and Mirre, Thomas and Nowitzki, Mario},
    title            = {Chemical, thermal and dilution effects of carbon dioxide in oxy-fuel combustion of wood in a fixed bed},
    journal          = {Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology},
    year             = {2019},
    volume           = {33},
    number           = {12},
    pages            = {6063-6073},
    publisher        = {Springer Nature},
    doi              = {10.1007/s12206-019-1150-z},
}


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