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The optimal mutagen dosage to induce point-mutations in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and its application to promote temperature tolerance

Title:
The optimal mutagen dosage to induce point-mutations in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and its application to promote temperature tolerance
Abstract:
Random mutagenesis is a useful tool to genetically modify organisms for various purposes, such as adaptation to cultivation conditions, the induction of tolerances, or increased yield of valuable substances. This is especially attractive for systems where it is not obvious which genes require modifications. Random mutagenesis has been extensively used to modify crop plants, but even with the renewed interest in microalgae and cyanobacteria for biofuel applications, there is relatively limited current research available on the application of random mutagenesis for these organisms, especially for cyanobacteria. In the presented work we characterized the lethality and rate of non-lethal point mutations for ultraviolet radiation and methyl methanesulphonate on the model cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. Based on these results an optimal dosage of 10–50 J/m2 for UV and either 0.1 or 1 v% for MMS was determined. A Synechocystis wildtype culture was then mutagenized and selected for increased temperature tolerance in vivo. During the second round of mutagenesis the viability of the culture was monitored on a cell by cell level from the treatment of the cells up to the growth at an increased temperature. After four distinct rounds of treatment (two with each mutagen) the temperature tolerance of the strain was effectively raised by about 2°C. Coupled with an appropriate in vivo screening, the described methods should be applicable to induce a variety of desirable characteristics in various strains. Coupling random mutagenesis with high-throughput screening methods would additionally allow to select for important characteristics for biofuel production, which do not yield a higher fitness and can not be selected for in vivo, such as fatty acid concentration. In a combined approach with full genome sequencing random mutagenesis could be used to determine suitable target-genes for more focused methods.
Year:
2012
Publication type:
Journal article
Journal:
PLoS ONE
ISSN:
1932-6203
Number:
11
Volume:
7
Pages:
k.A.
Language:
English
Document status:
Open access
PubListerURL:
https://publister.bib.th-wildau.de/publister/public/publication/53
Tillich, U., Lehmann, S., Schulze, K., Dühring, U., & Frohme, M. (2012). The optimal mutagen dosage to induce point-mutations in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and its application to promote temperature tolerance PLoS ONE. 7 (11), k.A..
@article{53,
    author           = {Tillich, Ulrich Martin and Lehmann, Stefan and Schulze, Katja and Dühring, Ulf and Frohme, Marcus},
    title            = {The optimal mutagen dosage to induce point-mutations in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and its application to promote temperature tolerance},
    journal          = {PLoS ONE},
    year             = {2012},
    volume           = {7},
    number           = {11},
    pages            = {k.A.},
    doi              = {10.1371/journal.pone.0049467},
    url              = {http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0049467},
}


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